Along with the use of graphene in electronics will apply a new two-dimensional material
In 2004, scientists managed to make a stunning discovery and the world learned of two-dimensional material with excellent strength, electrical conductivity, but with minimal mass. The use of graphene was an impetus for the development of electronics and the industry to a new level. Thanks to it, the companies have gained access to the developments that previously simply could not implement.
However, after the synthesis of the substance, the work in the laboratories did not stop. Researchers were confident that it is possible to achieve more impressive results experimenting with the structure. It was only necessary to find a chemical element superior to carbon in key characteristics. And finally, a group of professionals from the United States did it.
The use of graphene can be stopped by replacing with borophene
During the searches, experts expressed various assumptions. Boron was the most interesting of them. Indeed, in 2015, the hypothesis was confirmed, after which attempts to create an improved technology began. American experts have spent three years on the development of two-dimensional material of a new generation, it will serve as an impetus for further technological progress.
In the end, a borophene appeared. It has a two-dimensional structure that looks like a sheet. Its thickness does not exceed 1 atom. Scientists have found a number of characteristic features, very promising for implementation in production. In standard form, this element is non-metallic and is characterized as a semiconductor. However, after modification it turns into a metal conductor.
Ivan Bozovic, Head of the research group and senior employee of the Brookhaven National Laboratory told about the novelty. He stated that the substance in some way looks like graphene. In particular, it consists of hexagonal cells. At each top there is a boron atom plus another one located in the center of the cell. This structure will remain stable as long as one of the five positions in the middle remains free. If the location is maintained, structural units can be rebuilt to provide flexibility and possibility to adjust on the basis of specific requirements.
Scientists together with professors of Yale University observed the growth of borophene on silver surface. They noted that the output turned out too small crystals, which are simply not applicable in real life. However, if the substance was placed on a copper base, it was possible to achieve completely different results. The elements have become much larger, allowing them to be used in electronics. The researchers recorded this experience on video and it is available on Youtube.
Bozovic stressed that the current chips function thanks to semiconductor domains having a minimum thickness. The discovery of American specialists will help to increase them by a million times, which will significantly increase the productivity of the equipment of the new generation.