In the Great Britain the first hydraulic fracturing was conducted
In the Great Britain, there was a historic event for the energy industry. Cuadrilla, operating in Lancashire, finished testing the first technology of horizontal production of hydrocarbons on the territory of the Islands. Operator conducted hydraulic fracturing of Preston New Road well. Representatives of the organization noted that the results of studies confirmed the presence in the field of large reserves of shale gas, which are easy to extract. The Head of Cuadrilla Francis Egan said that the company carried out a fracking on American technology.
Why is the first well fracturing in Britain is a historic event?
According to the geological survey Cuadrilla, in the field, which has the length of 2.5 km, the starting range of production is 85,000 to 226,000 cubic meters of gas daily. Francis Egan also stressed that Preston New Road will improve the situation in the Great Britain gas market, and will supply it directly for domestic consumption. Thus, according to specialist, it will be possible to reduce carbon dioxide emissions that occur due to LNG imports to the islands. Representatives of Cuadrilla confirmed that they applied to the British oil and gas administration (OGA) for an urgent study of Preston New Road with possible production of hydrocarbons at the field. At the same time, Francis Egan noted that in the filed application, Cuadrilla guaranteed the extraction of LNG reserves without harm to the environment. If OGA provides all the necessary permits, hydraulic fracturing will be completed in the near future, after which the operator will start drilling a second well, which will be called Preston New Road-2.
But still, why did this event become historic for the energy industry? In mid-2018, Cuadrilla did the virtually impossible – agreed to work in Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS). Why is the extraction of shale carriers was not carried out on the territory of the islands before? The answer is simple: the society strongly opposed.
Holding the first in the history of hydraulic fracturing can be considered the final victory of the energy industry over the authorities. “War” between the parties was conducted the last 4 years. In 2015, Cuadrilla applied to the state authorities for permission to search for possible shale gas deposits in Lancashire. However, the local leadership responded with a categorical refusal. This decision caused a huge public outcry. Negative attitude to hydraulic fracturing, the British opened champagne, and the business was disappointed to note that Lancashire missed an amazing opportunity.
The next “victim” was company IGAS Limited. The company plans was the development of the field in Nottinghamshire. The organization wanted to make 12 wells to determine the height of the passage of groundwater in the region of possible shale gas production. And the local authorities even issued a permit, but the public was outraged and demanded to abandon the work.
In 2015, Amber Rudd, the former head of the British Ministry of Energy, said that if the opposition from the local authorities continues, London will find a way to independently manage the issuance of permits for hydraulic fracturing. After that, residents no longer have the opportunity to fight gas workers.