Chinese moon research vehicle on the Moon: shadowed side and closed ecosystem on board
The Chinese moon research vehicle on the Moon will start working in early January 2019. The Chang’e 4 mission was sent to the celestial body on 8 December 02:00 a.m. local time from a space port in Sichuan province. The launch was successful and the module was put into orbit by the launch vehicle “Changzhen-3B”. If there are no emergency situations, space researchers from China will go down in history, because they will be the first who will be able to carry out the landing of the robot on the dark side.
What information will collect and transmit the Chinese moon research vehicle on the Moon?
Since the natural satellite of our planet takes almost the same time to turn around the Earth and around its axis, humanity can see only one part of it. Otherwise, we call it light side. But what happens outside of our field of view remains a long mystery for scientists. There are a lot of myths, up to the fact that astronauts who landed on the surface heard the sounds of some working mechanisms. The task of specialists is to dispel guesses and get real data.
Even before the beginning of the mission, researchers faced a serious problem. Since the moon research vehicle will be located on the far side of the Moon, it is impossible to transmit a direct signal to the scientific centers. Therefore, in preparation for the launch of the project, China put into orbit the celestial body the satellite “Quetqiao”. It will receive information from the module and direct it to the planet.
It is expected that the device will be landing in the crater “Pocket”, which diameter is 186 km.
Many of the most important tasks on surface study have been put before the “Change-4″. The device is equipped with a low-frequency spectrometer, which is necessary to obtain information about soil composition. Penetrating radar on board the robot will study the soil structure. Researches expect to understand the difference between the visible side and the invisible side. For example, if on the bright part there are “lunar seas”, consisting of basalt, then under the available data on the dark side they are practically absent.
In addition, a curious biological experiment is planned. An additional module has been installed on “Change-4“, where several species of living organisms have been placed. Under the dome of the hermetic chamber mulberry eggs, seeds of several varieties of tomatoes and arabidopsis are stored. Scientists will exercise constant control over their state and development. First of all, the task is to find out whether it is possible to ensure their survival in extreme environments. If it turns out that they truly remain viable, this could jump-start for new missions. In the future, experts will try to “settle” them on the Moon, creating certain conditions under which, in theory, they would grow.