New areas of robots use include diagnostics
In the world there are a huge number of areas of robots use. Particularly active artificial intelligence is integrated into production, to relieve employees from routine. However, bots can be found in other industries that are extremely important for humans. For example, in medicine. With the help of mechanized devices treatment of diseases that previously could not cope becomes available. The latest development of scientists from the UK will allow to improve the quality of diagnosis.
New areas of robots use: diagnosis will become much more accurate
Nanorobots have long been implemented in real life. They are able to move within the body, reaching the most inaccessible organs and tissues. Probably in the next 5 years they will be fully implemented in medicine, while developments of this kind are in the testing stage. The most interesting thing is that different types of devices move differently. Another method proposed by researchers from the University of Exeter. The microbots move by using a special ferromagnetic head. The corresponding work was published in January 2019 Physics of Fluids journal. The mechanism includes two parts – a driving element and a flexible flagellum. During the study of the characteristics of the technology in the mode of navigation at the interface between the phases of air and water, experts found that it is possible to control the speed of the nanorobot. For this purpose, a magnetic field with a frequency of 3.5 microtesla or more is used. Adjusting the length of the flagellum, professionals forced the device to move in the right direction.
The development itself is quite simple. The ferromagnetic head contains the minimum doses of neodymium, boron and iron. The combination of these substances provides good magnetism. The element is made in the form of a cube, the edge of which does not exceed 0.5 mm. The principle of movement was borrowed from nature. Similar tools are used single-celled, as well as individual animals cells (for example, sperm cells). In the process of movement, the flagellum creates a swirl of liquid, so that the microbe moves through the body.
Scientists have not yet said in what sphere the development will be used, however, note: nanorobots can cause a breakthrough in medicine. Experts already see it in new diagnostic techniques. Some organs and tissues are located so that to get close to them with the help of available technology is not seems possible. Microbots will help to overcome these barriers.
In addition, there is a variant of application in targeted therapy. The devices are able not only to examine the body, but also to deliver drugs directly to the lesion. This approach in the fight against cancer is particularly interesting. In this area, solutions for drug delivery directly to the tumor have long been sought, so as not to cause harm to other organs and tissues.
The development of nanorobots are engaged not only in the British Isles. In January 2019, it became known about the work of scientists at Max-Planck-Institute Stuttgart. They developed a microbot capable of penetrating the dense structures of the eye, which can cause a breakthrough in ophthalmology and eye surgery.